Phonological/Phonemic Awareness is the #1 predictor of future reading success. It is the awareness of sound & the ability to manipulate words, rhymes, syllables and phonemes through auditory/oral tasks like isolating, blending, segmenting, adding, deleting & subsituting. Foundationally, Phonemic Awareness skills are developed without looking at letters but is of most use WITH letters when reading words. The two most important phonemic awareness skills a reader needs to decode and DO phonics is blending & segmenting. Phonemic Awareness is one of the essential components of reading instruction according to the 2001 report of the National Reading Panel.